Wednesday, July 30, 2014 12:47 AM EST

Infection

An infection is the detrimental colonization of a host organism by a foreign parasite species. Infecting organisms seeks to utilize the host'sresources to multiply, usually at the expense of the host. The infecting organism, or pathogen, interferes with the normal functioning of the host and can lead to chronic wounds, gangrene, loss of an infected limb, and even death. The immune system of mammalian hosts reacts to infections with an innate response, often involving inflammation, followed by an adaptive response. Colloquially, a pathogen is usually considered a microscopic organism though the definition is broader, including macroparasites, fungi, viruses, prions, bacteria, and viroids. Asymbiosis between parasite and host, whereby the relationship is beneficial for the former but detrimental to the latter, is characterised asparasitism. The branch of medicine that focuses on infections and pathogens is infectious disease. "When infection attacks the body,anti-infective drugs can help turn the tide of battle. Four types of anti-infective or drugs exist: antibacterial (antibiotic), antiviral, antitubercular, and antifungal.

Headlines Around the Web

Surgery for Boston mayor

May 28, 2013 - Politico

Mandela remains in hospital

Mar 29, 2013 - Politico

Nelson Mandela remains hospitalized

Dec 14, 2012 - Politico

Cybersecurity costs for business fall

Apr 24, 2012 - Financial Times

US drones infected by key logging virus

Oct 09, 2011 - AL JAZEERA

Articles About Infection

Actress Nicole Kidman smiles as she attends a news conference to promote her new film "Grace of Monaco" during the 17th Shanghai International Film Festival
Celebrities Who Got Pregnant Using IVF: Busting the Myths About IVF

By IBTimes AU

Mariah Carey, Emma Thompson, Celine Dion, Courteney Cox and Nicole Kidman are a few of the many other celebrities who have benefited from the procedure. They are all mothers to beautiful children now. (11:53 am)

MORE TOPICS: NEW YORK, LONDON

Government health workers are seen during the administration of blood tests for the Ebola virus in Kenema, Sierra Leone, June 25, 2014. West African states lack the resources to battle the world's worst outbreak of Ebola and deep cultural suspicions
Ebola Virus on the Loose: World Cautioned as Infection Moves; Global Airports on High Alert; Kills Liberian Doctor, Infects American Worker

By IBTimes AU

International health experts cautioned the global populace against the dreaded Ebola virus as it killed a Liberian doctor and infected a second medical worker from U.S. Authorities in Nigeria are likewise scrambling the possible spread of the flesh-e... (Jul 28)

MORE TOPICS: NIGERIA

Students receive free condoms at an event organised by the United Nations
Breakthrough: HIV Virus-Killing Condom Developed By Australian Researchers

By IBTimes AU

To kill the HIV virus, a new condom has been designed by Australian researchers which could be made available for sale within a few months. (Jul 28)

MORE TOPICS: AUSTRALIA, ANTIBIOTIC

A Christian woman, who fled from the violence in Mosul two days ago, holds her daughter as her baby sleeps at a school in Arbil, in Iraq's Kurdistan region
ISIS Forces Female Genital Mutilation in Iraq – UN

By IBTimes AU

ISIS are forcing female genital mutilation in various areas in Mosul (Jul 26)

MORE TOPICS: IRAQ, UNITED NATIONS

Kim Kardashian arrives at the 2014 Elton John AIDS Foundation Oscar Party in West Hollywood
Kim Kardashian Insults Khloe after Sister Criticises her Sexy Selfies

By IBTimes AU

After slugging it out with Robert Kardashian in last week's episode of "Keeping Up With the Kardashians," Khloe Kardahsian is fighting with yet another member of the family. This time around, It's Kim that's locking horns with the troubled Khloe. (Jul 25)

MORE TOPICS: THAILAND, KIM KARDASHIAN

Students receive free condoms at an event organised by the United Nations
Many Young Women are Unaware of Female Condoms: Study

By IBTimes AU

Condoms are the only known preventive measures against sexually transmitted infections. While young adults are aware of what condoms are, they are totally oblivious to female condoms which is one of the only two barrier protective methods, a new study by two UT Arlington researchers have found. (Jul 25)

MORE TOPICS: ABORTION

Handout Transmission Electron Micrograph Shows Particles of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) Coronavirus
New Zealand Finds Way to Combat Superbugs; Global Health Crisis a ‘Man-Made Threat’

By IBTimes AU

The battle against antibiotic-resistant bacteria is far from over as scientists in Wellington, New Zealand continue their quest. According to reports, microbiologists from Victoria University are working on new and cheap drugs to address the growing global health problem. (Jul 25)

MORE TOPICS: ANTIBIOTIC

Four thousand U.S. dollars are counted out by a banker
Jury Awards 14 Million in the Death of a 90 Year Old Woman

By IBTimes AU

The family of a 90-year-old woman Genevieve Calandro has been awarded $14 million by a Middlesex County Jury. In August 2008, she was rushed to the hospital after falling from a wheel chair at a Danvers nursing home. (Jul 25)

MORE TOPICS: COURT

A man wearing a mask poses with camels at a camel market in the village of al-Thamama near Riyadh
Scientists Warn MERS Virus Could be Spread Airborne

By IBTimes AU

A new study published in the American Society for Microbiology online journal mBio has said that the MERS-CoV virus (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) could be spread airborne. (Jul 23)

A combination photo shows local fruits in a market in Recife
California Fruits Recalled in USA and Canada for Possible Listeria Contamination

By IBTimes AU

The fruits peaches, plouts, nectarines, and plums which come from California were being recalled in the United States and Canada for possible contamination of bacteria called Listeria monocytogenes. (Jul 23)

MORE TOPICS: CALIFORNIA, TWITTER