Wednesday, October 22, 2014 11:05 AM EST

Judiciary

The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or judicature) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the sovereign or state. The judiciary also provides a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the judiciary generally does not make law (that is, in a plenary fashion, which is the responsibility of the legislature) or enforce law (which is the responsibility of the executive), but rather interprets law and applies it to the facts of each case. This branch of government is often tasked with ensuring equal justice under law. It usually consists of a court of final appeal (called the "supreme court" or "constitutional court"), together with lower courts.

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U.S. President Barack Obama departs after delivering a statement from Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, during his vacation August 20, 2014. Obama on Wednesday condemned the Islamic State militants who beheaded an American journalist as "a cance
U.S. Attorney General: Obama Not To Announce Name Before Senate Polls Get Over In November

By IBTimes AU

Incumbent Eric Holder had an active stint and hopefully the new choice must match his legacy. (Oct 15)

MORE TOPICS: GEORGE W. BUSH, WHITE HOUSE, ELECTIONS, CIVIL RIGHTS, ATTORNEY GENERAL, CONGRESS

Iran's President Rouhani smiles during session of World Economic Forum in Davos
Iran President Hassan Rouhani ‘Defends’ Six Iranians Arrested for Dancing to Pharrell Williams’ ‘Happy’

By IBTimes AU

Six Iranians were arrested after they had recorded themselves while dancing and singing. Later they posted the video on YouTube. According to the local police, the people who were arrested had been dancing to the Pharrell Williams chartbuster song “Happy. (May 22)

MORE TOPICS: HUMAN RIGHTS, FACEBOOK, LOS ANGELES, LONDON

Ankit Tiwari and Ankur Tiwari (Facebook/Ankit Tiwari)
Ankit Tiwari Arrest: Playback Singer Says Victim's Charges are 'False and Baseless'

By IBTimes IN

Popular Playback singer Ankit Tiwari, who was arrested on alleged rape charges, has been sent to police custody till 12 May. (May 09)

MORE TOPICS: INDIA

Thailand's Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra is greeted by her supporters gathered outside the Permanent Secretary of Defence office in Bangkok May 7, 2014. A Thai court found Yingluck guilty of violating the constitution on Wednesday and said she had to
Yingluck Shinawatra No Longer Thailand’s PM, But Crisis Continues

By IBTimes AU

Yingluck Shinawatra is no longer Thailand's Prime Minister after a court found her guilty of abusing power that led to a prolonged political crisis that has spurred a number of violent protests. (May 08)

MORE TOPICS: COURT, THAILAND

Dengue Outbreak at Australian Detention Centre Sparks Fresh Concerns (Representational Image)
Dengue Outbreak at Australian Detention Centre Sparks Fresh Concerns

By Reuters

An outbreak of dengue fever at an Australian refugee detention centre in the tiny Pacific island nation of Nauru sparked calls on Thursday for greater oversight at the facility, which has been criticised by rights groups and the United Nations. (Apr 17)

MORE TOPICS: AUSTRALIA, UNITED NATIONS

Pharmaceutically Prescribed Pills
India's Drug Inspectors Hard-pressed to Scrutinise Factories

By Reuters

A drugs regulator is among the first to admit that oversight of India's huge pharmaceutical industry can be patchy. (Apr 07)

MORE TOPICS: MANUFACTURING, COURT, INDIA

Jordan McLean Faces Suspension for Wrong Tackle That Broke Alex McKinnon’s Neck

By IBTimes AU

Following the devastating tackle that led to Alex MacKinnon's severe neck injury, the NRL judiciary suspended Jordan McLean of Melbourne Storm for upcoming seven matches (Apr 03)

MORE TOPICS: STORM, LAWYER

Former Pakistani president Musharraf pleads not guilty to treason
Former Pakistani President Musharraf Pleads not Guilty to Treason

By Reuters

Pakistan's former president, Pervez Musharraf, on Monday pleaded not guilty to five counts of treason, in the latest chapter of a long-running drama between the country's increasingly assertive judiciary and its former military ruler. (Mar 31)

MORE TOPICS: DUBAI, PAKISTAN, COURT, ELECTIONS, LAWYER

Au Lifts Travel Ban to Fiji

By IBTimes AU

Minister for Foreign Affairs Julie Bishop announced lifting bans against travelling to Fiji (Mar 31)

MORE TOPICS: AUSTRALIA, ELECTIONS, ATTORNEY GENERAL

Turkish PM Erdogan tells Enemies they will Pay Price after Poll
Turkish PM Erdogan tells Enemies they will Pay Price after Poll

By Reuters

Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan declared victory in local polls that had become a referendum on his rule and said he would "enter the lair" of enemies who have accused him of corruption and leaked state secrets. "They will pay for this," he said. (Mar 31)

MORE TOPICS: HUMAN RIGHTS, TWITTER, ELECTIONS