NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory HD camera captured the image of a massive sun eruption. Fortunately, the Earth's surface is far away from the scorching plasma unleashed otherwise our planet might have been wiped out.
"The red-glowing looped material is plasma, a hot gas made of electrically charged hydrogen and helium. The prominence plasma flows along a tangled and twisted structure of magnetic fields generated by the sun's internal dynamo. An erupting prominence occurs when such a structure becomes unstable and bursts outward, releasing the plasma," officials with NASA's Goddard Space Flight Centre stated.
Experts are suggesting that we are currently in a period of sun eruptions since it usually occurs about every 11 years. Damages to our world have been previously recorded with solar flares affecting the outer limits of Earth's atmosphere as well as disrupting the electrical and communication systems.
Meanwhile, Joseph Carson's research team from the College of Charleston and Max Planck Institute for Astronomy captured another rare image of a large "Super-Jupiter" around the massive star Kappa Andromedae (K And). The research team used the HiCIAO high-contrast imaging instrument and the IRCS infrared camera of the Subaru 8-meter telescope operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan on the summit of Mauna Kea in Hawaii.
Powerful suggestions are made regarding the Super-Jupiter's formation which is comparable to normal, lower-mass extroplanets in a protoplanetary disk of gast and dusk that enclosed the newborn star. The discovery of the Super-Jupiter K And b also suggests that stars as enormous as the 2.5 solar masses are still entirely capable of producing planets within their primordial circumstellar disks which is the key information for researchers working on models of planet formation.
Continued observations will lead to a better understanding of the gas giant's atmospheric chemistry and give more accurate information about the object's orbit as well as the possible presence of additional planets. The discovery was made in the context of the SEEDS (Strategic Explorations of Exoplanets and Disks with Subaru) project.
Principal Investigator Dr. Motohide Tamura of NAOJ led the SEEDS survey while the lead author of the discovery paper is Dr. Joseph Carson of College of Charleston and the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA) in Heidelberg, Germany. The local SEEDS Co-Principal Investigator at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy is Prof. Dr. Thomas Henning.
Take a look at the video below of the massive sun eruption captured by NASA.