Students take part in a coastal cleanup at the Las Pinas-Paranaque Critical Habitat and Ecotourism area also known as 'Freedom Island', a haven for local migratory birds, during a World Oceans Day event in Las Pinas city, south of Manila June 9, 2014. World Oceans Day was first introduced in 1992 to raise awareness on the crucial role the sea plays as sources of food, oxygen and medicine. REUTERS/Romeo Ranoco (PHILIPPINES - Tags: SOCIETY ENVIRONMENT MILITARY)
A new study released by researchers from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland has said the release of carbon dioxide emissions by the world's oceans is being heightened up by the continued rise of global warming temperatures.
Scientists studied a 26,000-year-old sediment core from the Gulf of California to find out how the ocean's ability to take up atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) has changed over time.
The team specifically analysed the abundance of silicon and iron concentrations of fossilised plankton which are very tiny marine organisms. Planktons are known to have the ability to absorb large quantities of carbon from the atmosphere at the ocean surface.
In the course of the study, published in the journal Nature Geoscience, researchers found that "periods when silicon was least abundant in ocean waters corresponded with relatively warm climates, low levels of atmospheric iron, and reduced CO2 uptake by the oceans' plankton."
"If warming climates lower iron levels at the sea surface, as occurred in the past, this is bad news for the environment," Dr Laetitia Pichevin, from the University of Edinburgh School of GeoSciences, said.
Scientists had long suspected that iron bears a role in engaging plankton to absorb CO2. However, the study noted a lack of iron at the ocean surface can limit other key elements in helping plankton take up carbon.
"Iron is known to be a key nutrient for plankton, but we were surprised by the many ways in which iron affects the CO2 given off by the oceans."
Surfers interact at Ipanema beach in Rio de Janeiro June 5, 2014. Rio de Janeiro, with its white beaches, blue ocean and jungle-covered mountains, is still the place that comes to mind when people think of Brazil. Soccer fans coming to Rio for the World Cup will be too late for the city's famed Carnival bash, but they'll also miss the energy-sapping Southern Hemisphere summer heat. By all means visit tourist favorites such as Pao de Acucar (Sugar Loaf Mountain) and the Christ the Redeemer statue on Corcovado, but here are places that locals enjoy, too. Despite its party reputation, Rio is also a daytime city. Obsessed with health and good looks, many Cariocas, as the locals are known, work hard to keep tan and fit. The beach is best at late morning and late afternoon. The most popular spots are between Posto 7 and Posto 10 in Ipanema.Each posto is a lifeguard station whose number serves as a beach address. Picture taken on June 5, 2014. To match story TRAVEL-RIO/ REUTERS/Sergio Moraes (BRAZIL - Tags: SPORT SOCCER WORLD CUP TRAVEL SOCIETY)
Vicente Barros, Co-Chair of Working Group II of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said global warming's "irreversible" effects will be experienced everywhere and by everyone through food shortages and natural disasters like flooding, rising sea level and melting of ice caps.
"We live in an era of man-made climate change," Barros said in a statement. "In many cases, we are not prepared for the climate-related risks that we already face. Investments in better preparation can pay dividends both for the present and for the future."