Bipolar disorder or manic-depressive disorder, which is also referred to as bipolar affective disorder or manic depression, is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a category of mood disorders defined by the presence of one or more episodes of abnormally elevated energy levels, cognition, and mood with or without one or more depressive episodes.

The elevated moods are clinically referred to as mania or, if milder, hypomania. Individuals who experience manic episodes also commonly experience depressive episodes, or symptoms, or mixed episodes in which features of both mania and depression are present at the same time.These episodes are usually separated by periods of \"normal\" mood; but, in some individuals, depression and mania may rapidly alternate, which is known as rapid cycling. Extreme manic episodes can sometimes lead to such psychotic symptoms as delusions and hallucinations. The disorder has been subdivided into bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymia, and other types, based on the nature and severity of mood episodes experienced; the range is often described as the bipolar spectrum.

Headlines Around the Web

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Articles About Bipolar Disorder

British actor Stephen Fry arrives at the BAFTA Brits to Watch event in Los Angeles
Stephen Fry Reveals He Spent Enormous Amount of Time and Money on Cocaine, in his Autobiography

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In his third autobiography, Stephen Fry revealed that he was addicted to cocaine and he spent a huge amount of time and money on it. (9:56 am)


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By IBTimes AU

A 31-year-old man from West Seattle is accusing an obese 28-year-old woman, Chantae Marie Gilman, of raping him while he was asleep. (Sep 16)


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By IBTimes AU

Chris Brown claims that he is a changed man now. (Sep 07)


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By IBTimes AU

Demi Lovato reflects on past VMA looks and insecurities. (Aug 27)

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By IBTimes AU

Researchers have found that a new sleep disorder called "sleep drunkenness" is affecting one in seven people. (Aug 27)


Singer Demi Lovato serves as grand marshal during the 44th annual Los Angeles Pride parade in West Hollywood, California June 8, 2014.
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By IBTimes AU

Demi Lovato thinks bipolar disorder should not be something to hide. (Aug 23)

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By IBTimes AU

Comedian Robin Williams, who passed away on June 12, is suspected of suffering from bouts of depression when he decided to take his own life. (Aug 13)


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Catherine Zeta-Jones and Michael Douglas Happy to be Alive and Together

By IBTimes AU

Catherine Zeta-Jones shares devastation upon learning of husband's stage four cancer. (Jul 31)


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Experts Recommend a New Discipline Combining Neuroscience and Psychology

By IBTimes AU

An article published in the journal Nature looked into psychological therapy that causes brain changes within patients of mental disorders. Though neuroscience and clinical science are different and there is a "culture gap" between the two... (Jul 21)


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“Homeland” Season 3 is gone but fans are still trying to get over Damian Lewis’ Nicholas Brody’s death. Fans are not quite convinced that Brody is really gone. They still hope to see him return with Claire Danes (Carrie) in “Homeland” Season 4. (May 07)


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