Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. These signs all begin before a child is three years old. Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize; how this occurs is not well understood. It is one of three recognized disorders in the autism spectrum (ASDs), the other two being Asperger syndrome, which lacks delays in cognitive development and language, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (commonly abbreviated as PDD-NOS), which is diagnosed when the full set of criteria for autism or Asperger syndrome are not met.

Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by rare mutations, or by rare combinations of common genetic variants. In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects. Controversies surround other proposed environmental causes, such as heavy metals,pesticides or childhood vaccines; the vaccine hypotheses are biologically implausible and lack convincing scientific evidence. The prevalence of autism is about 1–2 per 1,000 people; the prevalence of ASD is about 6 per 1,000, with about four times as many males as females. The number of people diagnosed with autism has increased dramatically since the 1980s, partly due to changes in diagnostic practice; the question of whether actual prevalence has increased is unresolved.

Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. The signs usually develop gradually, but some autistic children first develop more normally and then regress. Although early behavioral or cognitive intervention can help autistic children gain self-care, social, and communication skills, there is no known cure.  Not many children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, though some become successful. An autistic culturehas developed, with some individuals seeking a cure and others believing autism should be accepted as a difference and not treated as a disorder

Articles About Autism

Jenny McCarthy Flaunts Giant Yellow Sapphire Engagement Ring while Getting Pedicure

By IBTimes AU

Jenny McCarthy is engaged. The talk show host announced her engagement with beau Donnie Wahlberg on her today's episode of "The View". (Apr 17)

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A health worker administers polio vaccine drops to a boy in an outskirt of the Yemeni capital Sanaa April 7, 2014. Yemen's Ministry of Public Health and Population launched a national polio immunization campaign on Monday, according to World Health O
Honey, I Want the Kids Vaccinated, Australian Father Wins Court Case Against Ex-wife, Gets Right to Immunize the Kids

By IBTimes AU

An Australian father has been afforded the legal right to have his kids vaccinated, winning a case against his ex-wife who has a fear for immunizations and thus prevented their children from having them. (Apr 08)

MORE TOPICS: COURT, AUSTRALIA, ALLERGY

HIV Cure: Transplant Drugs to Replace Antiretroviral Therapy Due to Higher Chances of Curing AIDS

By IBTimes AU

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MORE TOPICS: CALIFORNIA, AIDS, INFECTION, SARCOMA

World Autism Awareness Day 2014
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By IBTimes IN

World Autism Awareness Day is celebrated on 2 April every year, in order to help share more knowledge on the neurodevelopment disorder, which has affected the lives of many people around the world. (Apr 03)

Donald Trump
Donald Trump Autism-Vaccination Controversy Stirs Twitter: Researches Defy His Theory

By IBTimes IN

Donald Trump once again stirred controversy regarding autism-vaccination theory. The Celebrity Apprentice' host and real estate mogul has revealed his view on autism and he thinks that the ailment is caused due to high dosage of vaccination. (Mar 30)

MORE TOPICS: TWITTER, DONALD TRUMP

Father and Child
Old Fathers More Likely to Have Less Attractive Kids, Finds Study

By IBTimes IN

Fathering a child at an old age can leave a negative impact on the child's appearance, researchers reveal. (Mar 24)

MORE TOPICS: BIPOLAR DISORDER

CIA Infected African Americans with HIV?
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By IBTimes IN

A new survey suggests that about half of the American adults believe in at least one medical conspiracy theory. (Mar 19)

MORE TOPICS: CANCER

Canadian Parents Found Autistic Son as 'Prisoner' in Hospital

By IBTimes AU

It came as a matter of shock for the Spagnuolos, Joseph and Anne, when they discovered that their autistic son had been forced to stay confined in a hospital room (Mar 11)

MORE TOPICS: INVESTMENT

IIT Alumnus Designs an Emotionally Intelligent Robot
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By IBTimes IN

Rajiv Khosla, a professor from La Trobe University, Australia and an IIT alumni has designed a robot, Charlie, who can talk, walk, sing and can even detect a person's feelings. (Mar 06)

MORE TOPICS: AUSTRALIA, INDIA

Father and child
Delayed Fatherhood Increases Risk of Brain Disorders in Children

By IBTimes IN

Older fathers are more likely to have children with mental disorders, researchers reveal. (Feb 28)

MORE TOPICS: ICELAND, BIPOLAR DISORDER, CANCER

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