Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. These signs all begin before a child is three years old. Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize; how this occurs is not well understood. It is one of three recognized disorders in the autism spectrum (ASDs), the other two being Asperger syndrome, which lacks delays in cognitive development and language, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (commonly abbreviated as PDD-NOS), which is diagnosed when the full set of criteria for autism or Asperger syndrome are not met.

Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by rare mutations, or by rare combinations of common genetic variants. In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects. Controversies surround other proposed environmental causes, such as heavy metals,pesticides or childhood vaccines; the vaccine hypotheses are biologically implausible and lack convincing scientific evidence. The prevalence of autism is about 1–2 per 1,000 people; the prevalence of ASD is about 6 per 1,000, with about four times as many males as females. The number of people diagnosed with autism has increased dramatically since the 1980s, partly due to changes in diagnostic practice; the question of whether actual prevalence has increased is unresolved.

Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. The signs usually develop gradually, but some autistic children first develop more normally and then regress. Although early behavioral or cognitive intervention can help autistic children gain self-care, social, and communication skills, there is no known cure.  Not many children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, though some become successful. An autistic culturehas developed, with some individuals seeking a cure and others believing autism should be accepted as a difference and not treated as a disorder

Articles About Autism

A boy plays with seeds during therapy at the therapy and development centre for autistic kids in the Asociacion Guatemalteca por el Autismo, or Guatemalan Association for Autism, building in Guatemala City March 13, 2014. Nine children, from 6-14 years ol
‘Killer Mum’ Claims 8-Year-Old Autistic Son Proposed Suicide Pact Via Text Message

By IBTimes AU

Gigi Jordan, a former executive of a pharmaceutical company, claimed that her 8-year-old autistic son, whom she killed with a deadly dose of prescription drug, proposed for them to engage in a suicide pact. (Oct 13)


A Study on Drugs Restoring Extra Synapses in Brain Can Cure Autism

By IBTimes AU

Autistic children have extra synapses in their brain and using a specific drug restores synaptic pruning and in turn might be able to reverses autistic-like-behavior in human beings as reported by the U.S. neuroscientists in the Neuron journal. (Aug 27)

Advice To Parents: Double Check Before Using Any Alternative Cure For Autism

By IBTimes AU

It is found that many alternative cure of autism have many dangerous side effects. (Aug 25)


Autistic Business Owners Capitalize On Strengths For Success

By IBTimes AU (No Google news)

An innovative and futuristic program that helps autistic people find job opportunities and start their own business has generated a lot of interest. (Aug 22)


A Toddler Relishing  Bottle Of Milk
Camel Milk Holds Answer for Diabetes, Autism, Lactose Intolerance, Allergies

By IBTimes AU

Camel milk with extreme high in iron, vitamin, protein and calcium, might cure diabetes, autism and few types of allergies. It is easily digestible for those who are lactose intolerance. (Aug 21)


Vigil for Victims of MH 17
UK-Born Kiwi Killed in MH 17 Tragedy identified

By IBTimes AU

A life cut short in the sky and the pain of others (Aug 18)


Autism Spectrum Disorder Patients All Set to Embark on a Culinary Arts Career

By IBTimes AU

Four students diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder will graduate from SAIT Polytechnic and embark on a journey into the culinary arts career. (Aug 14)


Love Hormone, Oxytocin Improves Kids' Social Skills

By IBTimes AU

The love hormone is known to perform many functions, aiding sexual arousal, preparing a woman's body for childbirth and stimulating milk production for breastfeeding. But a recent research by Stanford University revealed that oxytocin also has a... (Aug 06)

Lu Libing touches the belly of his pregnant wife, Mu, as they pose for pictures during an interview with Reuters at their home in Ganzhou
Staying Up Late Can Affect a Woman's Fertility

By IBTimes AU

In a recent report published in the journal Fertility and Sterility, it was suggested that women who wanted to get pregnant or are expecting a baby must avoid light during the night as darkness is essential for the reproductive health in women. (Jul 17)

Molecular Genetics Technical Specialist Jaime Wendt (R) and Mike Tschannen work in the Human and Molecular Genetics Center Sequencing Core at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee May 9, 2014.
Science Explores Flatulence, Fart Smell: 5 Things to Know

By IBTimes AU

So what’s in a fart that made researchers claim sniffing the smell is good for the health? Science has been toying with the theory that sniffing fart could be helpful in the treatment and prevention of certain illnesses. (Jul 16)


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