Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. These signs all begin before a child is three years old. Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize; how this occurs is not well understood. It is one of three recognized disorders in the autism spectrum (ASDs), the other two being Asperger syndrome, which lacks delays in cognitive development and language, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (commonly abbreviated as PDD-NOS), which is diagnosed when the full set of criteria for autism or Asperger syndrome are not met.

Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by rare mutations, or by rare combinations of common genetic variants. In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects. Controversies surround other proposed environmental causes, such as heavy metals,pesticides or childhood vaccines; the vaccine hypotheses are biologically implausible and lack convincing scientific evidence. The prevalence of autism is about 1–2 per 1,000 people; the prevalence of ASD is about 6 per 1,000, with about four times as many males as females. The number of people diagnosed with autism has increased dramatically since the 1980s, partly due to changes in diagnostic practice; the question of whether actual prevalence has increased is unresolved.

Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. The signs usually develop gradually, but some autistic children first develop more normally and then regress. Although early behavioral or cognitive intervention can help autistic children gain self-care, social, and communication skills, there is no known cure.  Not many children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, though some become successful. An autistic culturehas developed, with some individuals seeking a cure and others believing autism should be accepted as a difference and not treated as a disorder

Articles About Autism

Lu Libing touches the belly of his pregnant wife, Mu, as they pose for pictures during an interview with Reuters at their home in Ganzhou
Staying Up Late Can Affect a Woman's Fertility

By IBTimes AU

In a recent report published in the journal Fertility and Sterility, it was suggested that women who wanted to get pregnant or are expecting a baby must avoid light during the night as darkness is essential for the reproductive health in women. (Jul 17)

Molecular Genetics Technical Specialist Jaime Wendt (R) and Mike Tschannen work in the Human and Molecular Genetics Center Sequencing Core at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee May 9, 2014.
Science Explores Flatulence, Fart Smell: 5 Things to Know

By IBTimes AU

So what’s in a fart that made researchers claim sniffing the smell is good for the health? Science has been toying with the theory that sniffing fart could be helpful in the treatment and prevention of certain illnesses. (Jul 16)


LG Unveils Child Tracking Kizon Device to Help Parents

By IBTimes AU

There is good news for parents. LG Electronics has announced a wrist-worn device Kizon to track children, reports BBC. The device will help parents to track and update children on what they are up to. (Jul 15)


Children With Autism Can Develop Communication Skills With The Help of iPads and Computer Tablets

By IBTimes AU

Autistic children can develop their social communication skills by using computer tablets as part of their treatment, suggest a new study by the University of California in the United States. (Jul 08)


Australian surgeons were successful in a rare procedure on a Filipino boy.
No Link Between Vaccines and Autism: Review in 'Pediatrics'

By IBTimes AU

A project that screened scientific titles and papers on safety of vaccine concluded that vaccination for children is safe. (Jul 02)


Emma Stone and Andrew Garfield
Couple News: Emma Stone and Andrew Garfield Use Paparazzi Again to Raise Awareness on Charities

By IBTimes AU

Hollywood couple Emma Stone and Andrew Garfield has a unique way of dealing with the paparazzi. The stars of “The Amazing Spiderman” films allowed the paparazzi to take their pictures while walking away from a restaurant in Manhattan but their faces... (Jun 19)


Harry Styles Naughty Prank; Pulls Piers Morgan's Shorts in Charity Football Match [Watch Video]

By IBTimes AU

One Direction singer Harry Styles turns into naught prankster, pulling off journalist Piers Morgan's trousers during a charity football match held at the King Power Stadium in Leicester, United Kingdom, Monday, May 26, 2014. (May 29)


Do Vaccines Cause Autism? Major Study Says 'No'‏

By IBTimes AU

There is a long-standing debate on the issue of vaccinations and the possibility of a link between childhood vaccinations and the development of autism. (May 20)

Jenny McCarthy Flaunts Giant Yellow Sapphire Engagement Ring while Getting Pedicure

By IBTimes AU

Jenny McCarthy is engaged. The talk show host announced her engagement with beau Donnie Wahlberg on her today's episode of "The View". (Apr 17)


A health worker administers polio vaccine drops to a boy in an outskirt of the Yemeni capital Sanaa April 7, 2014. Yemen's Ministry of Public Health and Population launched a national polio immunization campaign on Monday, according to World Health O
Honey, I Want the Kids Vaccinated, Australian Father Wins Court Case Against Ex-wife, Gets Right to Immunize the Kids

By IBTimes AU

An Australian father has been afforded the legal right to have his kids vaccinated, winning a case against his ex-wife who has a fear for immunizations and thus prevented their children from having them. (Apr 08)


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