Historically, addiction has been defined with regard solely to psychoactive substances (for example alcohol, tobacco and other drugs) which cross the blood-brain barrier once ingested, temporarily altering the chemical milieu of the brain.

Many people, both psychology professionals and laymen, now feel that there should be accommodation made to include psychological dependency on such things as gambling, food, sex, pornography, computers, video games, internet, work, exercise, idolising, watching TV or certain types of non-pornographic videos, spiritual obsession, cutting and shopping so these behaviors count as 'addictions' as well and cause guilt, shame, fear, hopelessness, failure, rejection, anxiety, or humiliation symptoms associated with, among other medical conditions, depression and epilepsy

 

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, refers to a maladaptive pattern of use of a substance that is not considered dependent. 

The term \"drug abuse\" does not exclude dependency, but is otherwise used in a similar manner in nonmedical contexts. The terms have a huge range of definitions related to taking a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. All of these definitions imply a negative judgment of the drug use in question (compare with the term responsible drug use for alternative views).

Some of the drugs most often associated with this term include alcohol, amphetamines,barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, methaqualone, and opioids. Use of these drugs may lead to criminal penalty in addition to possible physical, social, and psychological harm, both strongly depending on local jurisdiction. 

Other definitions of drug abuse fall into four main categories: public health definitions, mass communication and vernacular usage, medical definitions, and political and criminal justice definitions.

Worldwide, the UN estimates there are more than 50 million regular users of heroin, cocaine and synthetic drugs.

 

Articles About Addiction

Ellen DeGeneres and Portia de Rossi
Ellen DeGeneres Will Never Divorce Wife, Shares 'Portia is Her World'

By IBTimes AU

Ellen DeGeneres will never leave Portia de Rossi, she says. (3:33 pm)

MORE TOPICS: HOLLYWOOD

Prince Charles and Camilla Parker-Bowles
Camilla Parker-Bowles Filing for Divorce, Duchess Seeks Help from Kate Middleton - Reports

By IBTimes AU

Married to England's Prince Charles is never easy and Camilla Parker-Bowles can attest to that as she claimed that her husband has a plot to kill her just like what he did to his previous wife, Princess Diana. (Jul 28)

MORE TOPICS: CAMILLA PARKER BOWLES, COURT, SETTLEMENT, KATE MIDDLETON, LONDON

Gary Owen and former boxer Mike Tyson (R) present the award for best male hip hop artist during the 2014 BET Awards in Los Angeles, California June 29, 2014.
Iron Mike Tyson Eyes Jamie Foxx to Portray Him in Biopic

By IBTimes AU

Mike Tyson is meeting with Jamie Foxx over the weekend to convince the actor who portrayed Ray Charles to again star in a biographical picture, this time about the controversial boxer. (Jul 27)

MORE TOPICS: COURT

A car is trapped underneath a bridge that collapsed while under construction in Belo Horizonte
Father's Emotional Drunk Driving Message Goes Viral

By IBTimes AU

A grieving father's emotional video message to the world on drinking and driving goes viral on the internet. Rick Ellis lost his 6 year-old daughter Lindsey, four years ago in a drunken driving accident. Lindsey's mother was behind the wheel. (Jul 27)

MORE TOPICS: FACEBOOK

Former U.S. President Bill Clinton gestures as he speaks to the audience during "The Third Way" summit in Cartagena, July 1, 2014.
Hillary Says Bill Clinton A Sex Addict Due To Child Abuse --- Report

By IBTimes AU

Hillary Clinton had reportedly revealed through a magazine interview that Bill Clinton' sex addiction was brought on by a traumatic childhood of physical abuse. (Jul 26)

MORE TOPICS: HILLARY CLINTON, NEW YORK

Magaluf, Spain: 19-year-old Nymphomaniac Finds Haven in the Island

By IBTimes AU

A 19-year-old Nymphomaniac confesses of finding haven in Magaluf Spain (Jul 25)

The water, for the moment, can only be used in the toilets or for fighting the fire
Scientists Find Cocaine in 93% of Surveyed Wastewater

By IBTimes AU

Opinions often differ when it comes to surveys, not to mention the high cost and effort of conducting one. That is, scientists are beginning to consider other ways to measure occurrences such as illicit drug abuse. (Jul 25)

MORE TOPICS: NEW YORK

Ellen DeGeneres and Portia de Rossi
Ellen DeGeneres Quits Alcohol to Support Portia de Rossi, Talk Show Host Brags about Wife’s New Role in Scandal - Reports

By IBTimes AU

Amidst the cheating allegations and bunch of divorce rumours, a new report suggests that Ellen DeGeneres and Portia de Rossi are trying to work on their marriage as the talk host vows to quit alcohol to help her wife's struggles with alcohol addiction. (Jul 24)

MORE TOPICS: TWITTER, AUSTRALIA

A marijuana plant is seen at Tweed Marijuana Inc in Smith's Falls, Ontario, March 19, 2014. By unlocking the once-obscure medical marijuana market, Canada has created a fast-growing, profitable and federally regulated industry with a distinct appeal to th
Half a Million Years of Life Lost to Opioid Abuse in U.S.

By IBTimes AU

Opioid abuse more or less results in more than half a million years of life lost per year, a report by PsychCentral said. (Jul 24)

MORE TOPICS: AIDS

Cameron Diaz
Cameron Diaz vs. Kyle Sandilands: Sex Tape Actress Cuts Interview Short after Kyle & Jackie O Host Slammed Her Best Friend Drew Barrymore

By IBTimes AU

“Sex Tape” stars Cameron Diaz and Jason Segel were called into the KIIS 106.5's Kyle & Jackie O show for an interview on Monday, July 21, that promotes their new film. The conversation between the 41-year-old actress and radio host started smoo... (Jul 23)

MORE TOPICS: HOLLYWOOD, ALCOHOLISM, LOS ANGELES

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