Historically, addiction has been defined with regard solely to psychoactive substances (for example alcohol, tobacco and other drugs) which cross the blood-brain barrier once ingested, temporarily altering the chemical milieu of the brain.

Many people, both psychology professionals and laymen, now feel that there should be accommodation made to include psychological dependency on such things as gambling, food, sex, pornography, computers, video games, internet, work, exercise, idolising, watching TV or certain types of non-pornographic videos, spiritual obsession, cutting and shopping so these behaviors count as 'addictions' as well and cause guilt, shame, fear, hopelessness, failure, rejection, anxiety, or humiliation symptoms associated with, among other medical conditions, depression and epilepsy

 

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, refers to a maladaptive pattern of use of a substance that is not considered dependent. 

The term \"drug abuse\" does not exclude dependency, but is otherwise used in a similar manner in nonmedical contexts. The terms have a huge range of definitions related to taking a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. All of these definitions imply a negative judgment of the drug use in question (compare with the term responsible drug use for alternative views).

Some of the drugs most often associated with this term include alcohol, amphetamines,barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, methaqualone, and opioids. Use of these drugs may lead to criminal penalty in addition to possible physical, social, and psychological harm, both strongly depending on local jurisdiction. 

Other definitions of drug abuse fall into four main categories: public health definitions, mass communication and vernacular usage, medical definitions, and political and criminal justice definitions.

Worldwide, the UN estimates there are more than 50 million regular users of heroin, cocaine and synthetic drugs.

 

Articles About Addiction

Prince of Wales and his wife Camilla
Camilla Parker-Bowles Celebrates 67th Birthday, Duchess Allegedly Accuses Prince Charles of Killing Princess Diana—Reports [PHOTOS]

By IBTimes AU

Camilla Parker-Bowles, the second wife of Prince Charles is allegedly accusing the Prince of Wales of killing his first wife, Princess Diana. Camilla has been confiding in Kate Middleton about her fears that she could be the next target of her husband as she knows all the secret of the royal family. (6:38 pm)

MORE TOPICS: CAMILLA PARKER BOWLES, KATE MIDDLETON, LONDON

Ellen DeGeneres and Portia de Rossi
Ellen DeGeneres Caught Cheating with Mutual Friend Before Portia de Rossi’s Rehab – Reports [PHOTOS]

By IBTimes AU

Ellen DeGeneres and Portia de Rossi's marriage has been a favorite divorce topic for quite some time now. New reports has emerged that Ellen has been cheating with a mutual friend and sent her wife to rehab after their epic fight. (4:47 pm)

A nurse distributes medicine at Daxing Internet Addiction Treatment Center in Beijing
FDA Prioritises Review of ‘Abuse-Deterrent’ Painkiller

By IBTimes AU

Purdue Pharma LP's hydrocodone bitartrate tablet (HYD) is undergoing "priority review" by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the company recently announced. (2:18 pm)

MORE TOPICS: ALCOHOLISM

TV Personality Kim Kardashian (R) and Her Sister Kourtney Walk in the Street as They Visit Fashion Shops in Paris
Kourtney Kardashian's Split with Scott Disick Looms as the Latter Take to Drinking and Needs Rehabilitation-Reports

By IBTimes AU

Kourtney Kardsahian is reportedly having problem with her baby daddy and long time beau Scott Disick. As per the reports Scott has again taken to his drinking addiction and needs to check into rehab to get immediate help. (1:02 pm)

A nine-year-old British girl has become the youngest person liked to the deadly drinking game called Neknomination that has been spreading rapidly across the world. (Representational Picture: Reuters)
Research Says People Who Drink Frequently Have a Higher Social Status

By IBTimes AU

While alcohol increases the risk of heart diseases, blood pressure, liver damage, brain damage, sexual problems and the list goes on, Canadian researchers found heavy drinking could increase your social standing as well, and this was especially true in the case of men. (Jul 21)

Drew Barrymore presents the "Favourite Comedic Movie Actor" award to Adam Sandler
Celebs: Struggle With Drug Addiction

By IBTimes AU

Amber Valletta, model and actress, on July 11, spoke about her battle with addiction and gave a detailed account of her journey with drug abuse. (Jul 18)

MORE TOPICS: TENNESSEE

Glasses of wine are displayed at the Vinitaly wine expo in Verona April 3, 2009.
Mutation Stops Worms from Getting Drunk: New Treatment for Alcohol Addiction

By IBTimes AU

Mutation Stops Worms from Getting Drunk: New Treatment for Alcohol Addiction. (Jul 17)

Elementary Season 3 Spoilers, Casting: Sherlock's New Partner, Watson's New Boyfriend; Dynamic Changes Expected

By IBTimes AU

"Elementary" Season 3 spoilers in TV entertainment news reveals Sherlock Holmes (Jonny Lee Miller) gets a new apprentice and Joan Watson (Lucy Liu) has a new boyfriend. These updates are expected to affect the dynamic between the two main characters in the CBS series. (Jul 17)

MORE TOPICS: NEW YORK, LONDON

Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck and Jennifer Garner Divorce Reports Debunked: Couple has Healthy Relationship In spite of Media Pressure

By IBTimes AU

"Man of Steel" actor Ben Affleck and Jennifer Garner are not heading for divorce, as previously reported. In a recent interview Garner confessed that her life with Affleck is normal and is like any other peaceful family. (Jul 15)

MORE TOPICS: HOLLYWOOD

A couple share a kiss in Independence Square in central Kiev, July 24, 2012.
Porn Linked With Hypersexuality In Women - Study

By IBTimes AU

A new study on the sexual activity of women who have sex so frequently that it affects their lives has found that three per cent of women are hypersexual. It is a condition in which too much sex impacts the life of the afflicted. (Jul 15)

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