Historically, addiction has been defined with regard solely to psychoactive substances (for example alcohol, tobacco and other drugs) which cross the blood-brain barrier once ingested, temporarily altering the chemical milieu of the brain.

Many people, both psychology professionals and laymen, now feel that there should be accommodation made to include psychological dependency on such things as gambling, food, sex, pornography, computers, video games, internet, work, exercise, idolising, watching TV or certain types of non-pornographic videos, spiritual obsession, cutting and shopping so these behaviors count as 'addictions' as well and cause guilt, shame, fear, hopelessness, failure, rejection, anxiety, or humiliation symptoms associated with, among other medical conditions, depression and epilepsy


Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, refers to a maladaptive pattern of use of a substance that is not considered dependent. 

The term \"drug abuse\" does not exclude dependency, but is otherwise used in a similar manner in nonmedical contexts. The terms have a huge range of definitions related to taking a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. All of these definitions imply a negative judgment of the drug use in question (compare with the term responsible drug use for alternative views).

Some of the drugs most often associated with this term include alcohol, amphetamines,barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, methaqualone, and opioids. Use of these drugs may lead to criminal penalty in addition to possible physical, social, and psychological harm, both strongly depending on local jurisdiction. 

Other definitions of drug abuse fall into four main categories: public health definitions, mass communication and vernacular usage, medical definitions, and political and criminal justice definitions.

Worldwide, the UN estimates there are more than 50 million regular users of heroin, cocaine and synthetic drugs.


Articles About Addiction

Kylie Jenner Arrives On The Red Carpet To Host The MuchMusic Video Awards (MMVA) In Toronto
Kylie Jenner Plans To Chop Off Her Locks For A Mohawk, Shocks Everyone By 'Emptiness' Message On Instagram

By IBTimes AU

Kylie Jenner might end up chopping off her long hair and her next hairstyle could be a Mohawk. The teenager posted a cryptic message on "emptiness" on Instagram after her parents announced divorce. (Sep 24)


Frequent Sex Makes You Intelligent, New Study Says
Life Is ‘Hard’ For Wisconsin Man Who Orgasms 100 Times A Day Due To Persistent Genital Arousal Syndrome

By IBTimes AU

Although a climax or orgasm is considered one of the greatest pleasures in life, when a person comes 100 times a day, it becomes painful and makes life difficult. Such is the "hard" life that 37-year-old Dale Decker from Wisconsin is suffer... (Sep 23)


British actor Stephen Fry arrives at the BAFTA Brits to Watch event in Los Angeles
Stephen Fry Reveals He Spent Enormous Amount of Time and Money on Cocaine, in his Autobiography

By IBTimes AU

In his third autobiography, Stephen Fry revealed that he was addicted to cocaine and he spent a huge amount of time and money on it. (Sep 23)


Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck on the Truth Behind the Card Counting Casino Reports

By IBTimes AU

The "Gone Girl" star said the rumours are just partly true. (Sep 18)

An exterior view of the tower of the Institute for Works of Religion (IOR) in Vatican City
Vatican Car Has Cocaine and Cannabis

By IBTimes AU

A Vatican diplomatic car was used to buy cocaine and cannabis by two Italian men. (Sep 17)

Genes and Addiction
Better Strategies Needed to Prevent Injured Workers from Abusing Opioids

By IBTimes AU

A panel of speakers at the 2014 California Workers' Compensation & Risk Conference called on workers compensation professionals to devise a "comprehensive strategy" to effectively prevent injured workers from abusing opioid drugs, a re... (Sep 17)


Residents watch a dragon dance
Strange But True: A Street in China Dedicated to Cellphone Users

By IBTimes AU

Situated in south-west China the Foreigner street is famous for its food, games and architecture from around the world. (Sep 16)


Photo of Sean O'Haire
Ex-WWE Wrestler Sean O’Haire Commits Suicide At 43; Why So Many Wrestlers Die Young

By IBTimes AU

According to local police, O'Haire committed suicide and was found by his bed with a red rope tied around his neck, the other end tied to the bed post. (Sep 12)

Nick Cannon, Left, Speaks To A Reporter While His Wife Mariah Carey, 2nd Right, Looks On.
Mariah Carey-Nick Cannon Divorce Reports: Mariah Heading For Rehab, Depressed And Turning To Alcohol

By IBTimes AU

Mariah is reportedly nearing mental breakdown that she may land in the hospital soon if she doesn't seek clinical help. (Sep 12)

DEA Publishes Final Rule on Hydrocodone Rescheduling, Met with Mixed Opinions

By IBTimes AU

A new U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration rule has rescheduled narcotic painkillers from Substance III to Substance II in a move to stop the rise in opioid abuse in the U.S., several reports stated. (Sep 12)


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