Historically, addiction has been defined with regard solely to psychoactive substances (for example alcohol, tobacco and other drugs) which cross the blood-brain barrier once ingested, temporarily altering the chemical milieu of the brain.

Many people, both psychology professionals and laymen, now feel that there should be accommodation made to include psychological dependency on such things as gambling, food, sex, pornography, computers, video games, internet, work, exercise, idolising, watching TV or certain types of non-pornographic videos, spiritual obsession, cutting and shopping so these behaviors count as 'addictions' as well and cause guilt, shame, fear, hopelessness, failure, rejection, anxiety, or humiliation symptoms associated with, among other medical conditions, depression and epilepsy

 

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, refers to a maladaptive pattern of use of a substance that is not considered dependent. 

The term \"drug abuse\" does not exclude dependency, but is otherwise used in a similar manner in nonmedical contexts. The terms have a huge range of definitions related to taking a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. All of these definitions imply a negative judgment of the drug use in question (compare with the term responsible drug use for alternative views).

Some of the drugs most often associated with this term include alcohol, amphetamines,barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, methaqualone, and opioids. Use of these drugs may lead to criminal penalty in addition to possible physical, social, and psychological harm, both strongly depending on local jurisdiction. 

Other definitions of drug abuse fall into four main categories: public health definitions, mass communication and vernacular usage, medical definitions, and political and criminal justice definitions.

Worldwide, the UN estimates there are more than 50 million regular users of heroin, cocaine and synthetic drugs.

 

Articles About Addiction

Kris Jenner, Bruce Jenner
Bruce Jenner Amid Sex Change Issues 'Still Love' Ex-wife Kris Jenner

By IBTimes AU

After the announcement of their separation which may be related to sex change issues, Bruce Jenner is still in limbo in relation to his 22-year marriage to Kris Jenner when it becomes a close book. (Apr 23)

MORE TOPICS: HOLLYWOOD

Kill Rats, Have Beer; New Zealand University Launch Beer Trap to Help Keep Wellington Rat-Free

By IBTimes AU

When thirsty for beer, students in the University of Wellington in New Zealand all just need to hunt and kill rats in exchange for a bottle. The university's Science Society Department just recently launched a program called Beer Trap which aims to help keep Wellington rat-free. (Apr 23)

FarmVille 2 - Country Escape: Can be Played Offline; Free Download for iOS and Android Mobile Devices

By IBTimes AU

Zynga launched FarmVille, the famous farming simulation social network game in 2009. Thereafter, Farmville has become a household name because of its humongous fan base and player count on the social networking sites and devices. (Apr 22)

MORE TOPICS: FACEBOOK, ANDROID

Lindsay Lohan Cries Over Leaked Sex List: ‘It's Not Only Humiliating, but just mean'

By IBTimes AU

she reveals pissed off she is at the gossip column that published the leaked sex list which was penned by none other than Lindsay Lohan herself. (Apr 22)

MORE TOPICS: LINDSAY LOHAN

Miley Cyrus singing at the 93.3 FLZ Jingle Ball in Tampa Florida
Drug Addiction? Real Reason Behind Miley Cyrus Hospitalization

By IBTimes AU

Miley Cyrus, the "Wrecking Ball" singer, was reportedly rushed to the hospital due to a severe allergic reaction to antibiotics on April 15. (Apr 17)

MORE TOPICS: TWITTER, HOLLYWOOD

Zac Efron Dating Halston Sage: The 'Neighbors' Co-Stars Officially Together?

By IBTimes AU

After watching Zac Efron loose his shirt at the recently concluded MTV awards, many women must be day dreaming about dating the "High School Musical" star. However, the good and bad news is that Zac Efron is officially dating "Neighbors" co-star Halston Sag. (Apr 15)

MORE TOPICS: LOS ANGELES

Alcohol
Alcoholism,Other Addictions Can be Conquered with BioCorRx

By IBTimes AU

The first component eliminates the physical cravings to drugs and alcohol by utilizing the drug Naltrexone implant, an opiate antagonist, administered by a trained licensed medical professional under local anesthetic. (Apr 14)

MORE TOPICS: ALCOHOLISM

Zac Efron (Photo: WikiCommons/JasonHargrove)
Lea Michele Doesn't Want Zac Efron to End up Like Late Boyfriend Cory Monteith?

By IBTimes IN

Lea Michele does not wants Zac Efron to meet the same fate as her late boyfriend Cory Monteith. The "Glee" star lost her boyfriend in July 2013, due to overdoes of drugs and alcohol. After facing the reality of her boyfriend's death, M... (Apr 11)

MORE TOPICS: HOLLYWOOD, LOS ANGELES, BILLBOARD

‘Human Barbie' Valeria Lukyanova: Five Shocking Truths About Her

By IBTimes AU

Famous for being the "Human Barbie," Ukrainian model Valeria Lukyanova is making headlines once again as she graces the April 2014 issue of GQ magazine. Now only she is famous for her extreme physical transformation but she is arguably famo... (Apr 09)

Human Barbie is Human Ken’s Arch Nemesis: ‘I Make an Even Prettier Barbie Than She does’

By IBTimes AU

After her racist remarks, "Human Barbie" Valeria Lukyanova is on the spotlight once again as "Human Ken" Justin Jedlica called her uninteresting and not fake enough. (Apr 09)

MORE TOPICS: NEW YORK

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