Historically, addiction has been defined with regard solely to psychoactive substances (for example alcohol, tobacco and other drugs) which cross the blood-brain barrier once ingested, temporarily altering the chemical milieu of the brain.

Many people, both psychology professionals and laymen, now feel that there should be accommodation made to include psychological dependency on such things as gambling, food, sex, pornography, computers, video games, internet, work, exercise, idolising, watching TV or certain types of non-pornographic videos, spiritual obsession, cutting and shopping so these behaviors count as 'addictions' as well and cause guilt, shame, fear, hopelessness, failure, rejection, anxiety, or humiliation symptoms associated with, among other medical conditions, depression and epilepsy

 

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, refers to a maladaptive pattern of use of a substance that is not considered dependent. 

The term \"drug abuse\" does not exclude dependency, but is otherwise used in a similar manner in nonmedical contexts. The terms have a huge range of definitions related to taking a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. All of these definitions imply a negative judgment of the drug use in question (compare with the term responsible drug use for alternative views).

Some of the drugs most often associated with this term include alcohol, amphetamines,barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, methaqualone, and opioids. Use of these drugs may lead to criminal penalty in addition to possible physical, social, and psychological harm, both strongly depending on local jurisdiction. 

Other definitions of drug abuse fall into four main categories: public health definitions, mass communication and vernacular usage, medical definitions, and political and criminal justice definitions.

Worldwide, the UN estimates there are more than 50 million regular users of heroin, cocaine and synthetic drugs.

 

Articles About Addiction

Electronic cables are silhouetted next to the logo of Facebook
Facebook Addiction: Insight On Why Users Don’t Want To Log-Out

By IBTimes AU

The social media giant has 1.35 million active users to date and it’s fascinating to know how each user gets totally hooked with the site. (Nov 18)

MORE TOPICS: FACEBOOK, INVESTMENT

Kate Middleton & Margie Abbott
Kate Middleton Pregnancy Update: Duchess' Sexy Dresses Are Her Choices, No Stylist Hired—Report

By IBTimes AU

The Duchess of Cambridge is believed to be hands on when it comes to her "sexy style choices" for her maternity wardrobe. (Nov 17)

MORE TOPICS: GUCCI, KATE MIDDLETON

Britain's Catherine, Duchess Of Cambridge
Kate Middleton Pregnancy Update: Duchess Vents About Pregnancy, Baby Bump Visible Under Fitting Clothes

By IBTimes AU

The Duchess accentuates her growing baby bump with a formfitting frock during her visit to SportsAid Athlete Workshop in London. (Nov 13)

MORE TOPICS: KATE MIDDLETON, LONDON

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge attends the annual Remembrance Sunday ceremony at the Cenotaph in London
Kate Middleton And Prince Wiliam Attend Remembrance Day: Pregnant Duchess Looks 'Sombre' As She Pays Tribute--Report

By IBTimes AU

Kate Middleton who is pregnant with her second child made another public appearance. (Nov 10)

MORE TOPICS: KATE MIDDLETON, LONDON

Late Actor And Comedian Robin Williams
Robin Williams Was Absolutely Sober At The Time Of His Death

By IBTimes AU

The reports state the same. (Nov 09)

MORE TOPICS: BARACK OBAMA, CALIFORNIA, ALCOHOLISM

Prince William And Catherine, The Duchess Of Cambridge, With Their Son Prince George Arrives At Sydney Airport
Kate Middleton Pregnancy Update: Duchess 'Desperate To Look Sexy,' Hires New Stylist--Report

By IBTimes AU

The Duchess of Cambridge is reportedly trying to look sexy despite being pregnant by wearing revealing dresses. (Nov 03)

MORE TOPICS: NEW YORK, KATE MIDDLETON

Britain's Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, smiles as she arrives for a visit to the Royal Marsden hospital in Sutton
Kate Middleton Expecting A Baby Boy For The Second Time Around – Reports [PHOTOS]

By IBTimes AU

Duchess of Cambridge Kate Middleton reportedly expecting a baby boy after palace spokesperson confirmed that she's not pregnant with twins. (Oct 28)

MORE TOPICS: KATE MIDDLETON, LONDON

British actor Stephen Fry arrives at the BAFTA Brits to Watch event in Los Angeles
Camilla Parker-Bowlers Drug Scandal Update: Stephen Fry Reveals Drug User In The Palace – Reports

By IBTimes AU

British actor Stephen Fry revealed that he snorted cocaine in Buckingham palace and confessed that there is still a drug user in the palace. (Oct 23)

MORE TOPICS: CAMILLA PARKER BOWLES, KATE MIDDLETON

Television Personality Kim Kardashian and One Direction singer Liam Payne Are Latest Victim Of Nude Photo Leak/ File Photo/Reuters/Eric Thayer
Khloe Kardashian Feud With Kim Kardashian: May Skip Sister's 34th Birthday--Reports

By IBTimes AU

Khloe Kardashian may skip Khloe Kardashian's birthday. (Oct 21)

MORE TOPICS: KIM KARDASHIAN

Human Ken Dangerous Plastic Surgery: Justin Jedlica Wants To Get Rid Of His Forehead Veins

By IBTimes AU

Human Ken Justin Jedlica wants to undergo life threatening surgery. (Oct 20)

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