Australian Coal At Risk as China Bans Coal Use, Closes Coal-Fired Powerplants
By Esther Tanquintic-Misa | August 6, 2014 2:30 PM EST
Chimneys are seen through a window at a coal-fired power plant on a hazy day in Shimen county, central China's Hunan Province, June 2, 2014. U.S. President Barack Obama's plan to cut greenhouse gas emissions from U.S. power plants, due to be announced on Monday, will win muted applause abroad with some hopes it could help a U.N. deal to fight climate change in 2015. Emerging economies including China and India are likely to be lukewarm because they have often said that Obama's plans for emissions cuts until 2020 - even if fully implemented - are far short of the curbs they say are needed by the rich. REUTERS/Jason Lee (CHINA - Tags: ENVIRONMENT BUSINESS ENERGY CITYSCAPE)
The country's smog problems, which grow menacing every year, has pushed Beijing to announce a plan to totally shelve out the use of the fossil fuel by end of 2020. In lieu, the city would prioritise electricity and natural gas for its heating requirements, Beijing's Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau said.
Beijing's decision is expected to impact Australian coal miners, albeit limited.
"China consumes roughly 4 billion tonnes of coal per year and, of that, Beijing accounts for just 15 million tonnes," the Australian Financial Review quoted Rohan Kendall, Wood Mackenzie China consulting manager. "Most imported coal into China goes to the southern provinces, so there would be an impact if they followed Beijing, but we don't think that's likely."
Beijing's coal ban plan will be implemented in its six main districts, including Dongcheng, Xicheng, Chaoyang, Haidian, Fengtai and Shijingshan.
Coal use made up for a quarter of the city's energy consumption in 2012, Xinhua News Agency said. Of this, it translated to 22 per cent of the fine particles floating in the city's air.
But with the new measures in place, Chinese experts expect Beijing's coal use to shrink to less than 10 per cent by 2017.
Moreover, Liu Dongna, a coal analyst at Zuo Chuang Information Group, expects the other provinces surrounding Beijing, such as Hebei, Shandong and Shaanxi, will probably replicate the capital's undertaking to ease put the nation's pollution problems.
"In the longer term, a switch to gas on a much larger scale is a very real possibility in China," Kendall said. "But currently, there are not sufficient gas supplies to facilitate such a large-scale shift."
Overall, the coal use ban point to a reduction in coal consumption in China of 350 million tonnes by 2017 and 655 million tonnes by 2020, the Australian Financial Review said.
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