Evidence of Alien Life Could be Discovered in the Next 20 Years
By Sarah Thomas | August 6, 2014 10:27 AM EST
Experts have claimed that astronomers could find evidence of alien life in the next 20 years. In the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, US planetary scientist Dr Sara Seager from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) said, "We can say with certainty that, for the first time in human history, we are finally on the verge of being able to search for signs of life beyond our Solar System around the nearest hundreds of stars."
NASA picture taken by German astronaut Alexander Gerst from the International Space Station and sent on his Twitter feed shows the sun reflecting off the water The sun reflects off the water in this picture taken by German astronaut Alexander Gerst from the International Space Station and sent on his Twitter feed July 17, 2014. REUTERS/Alexander Gerst/NASA/Handout via Reuters (OUTER SPACE - Tags: SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY ENVIRONMENT TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY) ATTENTION EDITORS � THIS PICTURE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. REUTERS IS UNABLE TO INDEPENDENTLY VERIFY THE AUTHENTICITY, CONTENT, LOCATION OR DATE OF THIS IMAGE. FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. THIS PICTURE IS DISTRIBUTED EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
The next generation of space telescopes will be able to identify the chemical fingerprints of life written in the atmospheres of planets orbiting nearby stars. Astronomers are sure that every star in our galaxy, the Milky Way, would have at least one planet and rocky world like the Earth.
Dr Seager said, "Our own galaxy has 100 billion stars and our universe has upwards of 100 billion galaxies --- making the chance for life elsewhere seem inevitable based on sheer probability." She explained that in a decade or two a handful "potentially habitable" exoplanets will have been found and their atmospheres would be studied as well.
American space agency Nasa's James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is the first of the "next generation" telescopes that will be launched in 2018. It has the ability to analyse the atmosphere of several "super- Earths", which are rocky planets similar to earth but larger. Since different particles and elements absorb different wavelengths of light they provide details of the atmosphere's make up.
Another fact is that living things give out "biosignature" gases, if this is detected in another planet's atmosphere there could be an indication of life on it. The challenges scientists face is with regard to methane which is a gas that could be produced both by geological processes and living organisms as well.
Dr Seagre said that the likelihood of "false positives" could be reduced by searching for rarer biosignature gases more closely tied to living systems, such as dimethyl sulphide (DMS), and methanethiol. He also pointed that only a technology that would be able to image a large number of exoplanets would be able to track evidences of extraterrestrial life. This however, is equivalent to picking out a firefly in the glare of a searchlight from a distance of 2,500 miles.
Yet two techniques now under development could make direct imaging of planets similar to earth possible, one would be to block out starlight that would result in a clearer view of the orbiting exoplanets. The other being "starshade", this would block out light from a star but will not affect a a planet's reflected light.
"To be confident of finding a large enough pool of exoplanets to search for biosignature gases, we require the ability to directly image exoplanets orbiting 1,000 or more of the nearest Sun-like stars," said Dr Seager. "We stand on a great threshold in the human history of space exploration. If life is prevalent in our neighbourhood of the galaxy, it is within our reach to be the first generation in human history to finally cross this threshold and learn if there is life of any kind beyond Earth."
To contact the editor, e-mail:
Most Popular Slideshows
- After Win Over Maidana, Mayweather Says He Is Prepared To Negotiate A Fight With Pacquiao
- Still The World Champions: Team USA Overpowers Serbia, 129-92 To Win 2014 FIBA World Cup [PHOTOS]
- From Fat To Fit: Celebrities Who Were Overweight Before They Became The Beauties That They Are
- Kendall Jenner Could Be Next Victoria's Secret Angel [PHOTOS]
Join the Conversation
- Alien Mystery: The Most Famous Unexplained Alien Abduction Cases (Watch Video)
- Bardarbunga Volcano In Iceland Erupts With Brightly Coloured Lava Under Northern Lights [Watch Video]
- University of Waterloo U Study Recommends Best Sex Positions To Ease Back Pain During Lovemaking
- Lady Gaga Wants David Bowie To Perform With Her In Space
- Observers From British Columbia To California Dazzled By Fireball; Social Media Lights Up[Watch Video]
- iOS 8 Release Date Of Sept 17 Has Arrived: Update Begins At 10AM Pacific Time, Upgrade Your iDevices With iOS 7.1.2 First To Install iOS 8
- Why Samsung Galaxy S5 Is Not The Best Smartphone To Purchase Now? If You Still Want To, Wait For A Month To Get It Cheap
- Apple iPad Air 2, iPad Mini 3 October Release Date Roundup: Freshly Leaked Protective Case Debuts Unique Vent Alongside Camera
- Ukraine Crisis: Poland Denies Supplying Weapons To Kiev
- Google Nexus 8 Release Date Countdown Begins Oct 8: 8 Killer Specs and Features to Expect
- Canadian IS Jihadist Who Wants to ‘Play Soccer’ with Heads of US Decapitated Soldiers