A Common Link Among Female Criminals: Brain Injury
By Sarah Thomas | July 29, 2014 3:46 PM EST
To spread awareness about a health problem that has been neglected a research was carried out in a prison in Ontario, Canada. According to the research 40 percent of the women prisoners suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Women prisoners from the Ancon prison wait to participate in a dance competition inside the Maximum Security prison of Chorrillos in Lima, July 25, 2014. The National Penitentiary Institute (INPE) organized a folk dance competition with four women's prisons in Lima during the celebrations of the Independence Day in Peru. Peruvians celebrate Independence Day on July 28. REUTERS/Mariana Bazo (PERU - Tags: CRIME LAW POLITICS SOCIETY)
Evidence showed homelessness, substance abuse, risky behaviour and incarceration were negative health outcomes of TBI associated with blows to the head.
"TBIs are common, and most are not associated with offending behaviors," said Dr. Angela Colantonio, the lead author on the report and a senior scientist at the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute. "However, the question is whether early intervention and support for those living with the effects of brain injury could prevent offending behavior or recidivism. More research is needed on this."
According the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a blow or jolt to the head can cause TBI. It could be a mild confusion leading to a spell of short unconsciousness or a serious injury that can lead to a long period of unconsciousness.
Male and female prisoners in 4 Ontario prisons were studied by the Canadian team. The study showed 50 percent of the male prisoners had a history of TBI which was a cause for concern. Dr. Colantonio said she was shocked at the rate among the female prisoners. Women had suffered TBI before committing their first crime. As children the female inmates with TBI were more likely than the male to have suffered sexual or physical abuse.
"There has not been a lot of attention on women at risk for TBI, for example, from intimate partner violence, even though research has shown that the majority of hits are to the head," said Colantonio.
Dr. Geoff Fernie, the institute director at the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, said according to the research changes should be made regarding the treatment of female criminals. However he had not worked on the research.
"Now that we have identified this as an issue, we need to work with community organizations and correctional systems to prevent inappropriate incarceration of females with traumatic brain injury, and to provide treatment to those who are incarcerated so they have a better chance when they return to society," Dr. Fernie said.
To contact the editor, e-mail:
Most Popular Slideshows
Join the Conversation
- Ebola Spreads Through Red Cross Vaccine - Ghana Nurse ‘Testifies’; The Truth About Red Cross
- Ebola News Regarding Wortham's Kindergarterners Infected is False, Angry Reactions
- Ebola Outbreak Blamed on Infected Bushmeat; First Family to Catch Virus Hunted Bats
- Ebola Is Changing The Religious Landscape In West Africa
- Ebola Outbreak To Continue Until Effective Vaccine Surfaces; 120,000 Women To Die of Childbirth
- iOS 8 Jailbreak Release Date Likely this October 2014 with Pangu not Evad3rs Firming Up as Creator
- Chilling: New ISIS Video Addresses Australia; Aussie Teen Delivers Message
- Top 4 Free-To-Download Apps for Fuller iPhone 6, 6 Plus Experience
- Xiaomi Mi4 And MiPad Prices Likely Slashed, Thanks To Rivals Oppo, OnePlus And Meizu
- Battery Saving Android 5.0 Lollipop Feature Extends The Battery Life Of Your Android Device By 90 Minutes And Displays Orange Bar While Power Saving Mode Is On
- Apple Inc. (AAPL) Stock Set to Soar Beyond $100 Despite Decline After New iPad Launch
- Russia Beefs Up Gold Reserves To Offset Heat of Sanctions And Undercut Dollar