A Common Link Among Female Criminals: Brain Injury
By Sarah Thomas | July 29, 2014 3:46 PM EST
To spread awareness about a health problem that has been neglected a research was carried out in a prison in Ontario, Canada. According to the research 40 percent of the women prisoners suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Women prisoners from the Ancon prison wait to participate in a dance competition inside the Maximum Security prison of Chorrillos in Lima, July 25, 2014. The National Penitentiary Institute (INPE) organized a folk dance competition with four women's prisons in Lima during the celebrations of the Independence Day in Peru. Peruvians celebrate Independence Day on July 28. REUTERS/Mariana Bazo (PERU - Tags: CRIME LAW POLITICS SOCIETY)
Evidence showed homelessness, substance abuse, risky behaviour and incarceration were negative health outcomes of TBI associated with blows to the head.
"TBIs are common, and most are not associated with offending behaviors," said Dr. Angela Colantonio, the lead author on the report and a senior scientist at the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute. "However, the question is whether early intervention and support for those living with the effects of brain injury could prevent offending behavior or recidivism. More research is needed on this."
According the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a blow or jolt to the head can cause TBI. It could be a mild confusion leading to a spell of short unconsciousness or a serious injury that can lead to a long period of unconsciousness.
Male and female prisoners in 4 Ontario prisons were studied by the Canadian team. The study showed 50 percent of the male prisoners had a history of TBI which was a cause for concern. Dr. Colantonio said she was shocked at the rate among the female prisoners. Women had suffered TBI before committing their first crime. As children the female inmates with TBI were more likely than the male to have suffered sexual or physical abuse.
"There has not been a lot of attention on women at risk for TBI, for example, from intimate partner violence, even though research has shown that the majority of hits are to the head," said Colantonio.
Dr. Geoff Fernie, the institute director at the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, said according to the research changes should be made regarding the treatment of female criminals. However he had not worked on the research.
"Now that we have identified this as an issue, we need to work with community organizations and correctional systems to prevent inappropriate incarceration of females with traumatic brain injury, and to provide treatment to those who are incarcerated so they have a better chance when they return to society," Dr. Fernie said.
To contact the editor, e-mail:
Most Popular Slideshows
- Slow-Moving Yet Unrelenting Hawaii Lava Now Only Inches Away From Pahoa Homes
- 2014 MLB World Series Game 6: Kansas City Royals 10, San Francisco Giants 0 [PHOTOS]
- San Francisco Giants Beat Kansas City Royals, 3-2 In Game 7, Wins 2014 MLB World Series [PHOTOS]
- Cavaliers, LeBron James Flop In First Game Back In Cleveland; New York Knicks, Melo Pull Off Road Upset, 95-90 [PHOTOS]
Join the Conversation
- Chilling: Ebola Spreads Through Sneeze and Cough Droplets And Toilet Seats
- New Zealand Develops New Drug To Fight 'Superbugs'
- Australia Does Not Have Ebola Drug ZMapp And That Is Alright, Experts Say
- New Zealand PM Calls Homeopathic Remedy For Ebola 'Barking Mad'
- Australia In Talks With Gates Foundation For Possible Ebola Vaccine Extracted From Survivors
- NATO: Russia's Been Conducting Too Many Military Flights Over Europe
- Moto X 2014 vs. Motorola DROID Turbo - Specifications, Features And Price Showdown
- Samsung Galaxy Note Edge To Be Available Through T-Mobile In The US
- Five Extreme Drop Tests On BlackBerry Passport Reveals Its Endurance [Watch Video]
- Updated iOS 8 Pangu Untethered Jailbreak Now Fully Works with Cydia: Key Fixes & Mods to Expect
- Ex-Ohio Trooper Pleads Guilty To Issuing Sex as Penalty To Women Motorists