World Press Freedom Day 2014: 10 Astounding Facts to Know
By Gopi Chandra Kharel | May 3, 2014 4:48 AM EST
World Press Freedom Day is observed annually on 3 May to remind countries and people all around the world, that freedom of the press and freedom of speech and expression are fundamental human rights.
Wikimedia Commons/ Jonut
World Press Freedom Day 2014 -- 10 Astounding Facts to Know including its history, origin, significance and more. (Photo: Wikimedia Commons/ Jonut)
This day is often held to remember many journalists who have died or faced jail in order to bring news to the public.
In Observance of the World Press Freedom Day 2014, here are the most important facts that we must take note of.
1. The World Press Freedom Day was established by the General Assembly of the United Nations in December 1993 as an outgrowth of the 'Windhoek Declaration' adopted in 1991 in Namibia for promoting independent and pluralistic African Press.
2. The World Press Freedom Day is celebrated on 3 May, the date on which the Windhoek Declaration was adopted which emphasized the need of a free press for developing and maintaining democracy and for economic development.
3. Article 19 of the 1948 Universal Declaration on Human Rights (considered as an important stepping stone to the freedom of press) states that everyone "has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to see, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers."
4. Every year the UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize is awarded to different journalist or individuals, especially those who have risked their lives in promotion of the freedom of expression. The 2014 winner of the prize was the Turkish instigative journalist Ahmet Sik, who was reportedly arrested in 2011 on charges of being linked to an alleged terrorist organization.
5. According to the Press Emblem Campaign (PEC), 35 journalists have been killed in 2014 so far. And in 2013 70 journalists were killed, while the year 2012 saw one of the highest numbers of such deaths with 141 journalists reported dead.
7. In 2011-2012, the countries where press was the most free were Finland, Norway and Germany, followed by Estonia, Netherlands, Austria, Iceland, and Luxembourg.
8. The country with the least degree of press freedom was Eritrea, followed by North Korea, Turkmenistan, Syria, Iran and China.
9. According to Reporters Without Borders, more than a third of the world's population live in countries where there is no press freedom or where there is no system of democracy or where there are serious deficiencies in the democratic process.
To contact the editor, e-mail:
Most Popular Slideshows
- NFL MNF: Pittsburgh Steelers 30, Houston Texans 23 [PHOTOS]
- ‘Sons of Anarchy’ Season 7 Finale Spoilers: Kurt Sutter On Ending The Biker Series And Picking The Right Song For The Final Ride
- Prince Charles’ Wife Camilla Parker-Bowles In Drug Scandal - Reports
- Camilla Parker-Bowles To Become Queen When Prince Charles Accedes To The Throne
Join the Conversation
- Kate Middleton Pregnancy Update: Duchess Spotted All Smiles, Sickness Seems Over
- 14 Contestants For Miss Hitler 2014 Beauty Pageant Organised By Russian Equivalent Of Facebook
- 2014 Meteor Shower: Slooh To Have Live Broadcast Of Orionids Meteor Shower October 21 Peak, NASA Assures Ideal Observing Conditions
- Kate Middleton To Give Birth To A 'Cheerful' Baby, Duchess Not Carrying Twins---Report
- 63-Year-Old Admits He Has Made Love To More Than 700 Cars But Now Remains Faithful To Just One Beetle
- Galaxy Note 4 vs Redmi Note 2 vs iPhone 6: Samsung in Danger with Depressing Q3
- iOS 8 Jailbreak Release Date Likely this October 2014 with Pangu not Evad3rs Firming Up as Creator
- Top 4 Free-To-Download Apps for Fuller iPhone 6, 6 Plus Experience
- Battery Saving Android 5.0 Lollipop Feature Extends The Battery Life Of Your Android Device By 90 Minutes And Displays Orange Bar While Power Saving Mode Is On
- Apple Inc. (AAPL) Stock Set to Soar Beyond $100 Despite Decline After New iPad Launch
- Russia Beefs Up Gold Reserves To Offset Heat of Sanctions And Undercut Dollar
- Australia's 'No Way' Anti-Asylum Seeker Poster Sparks Outrage