A new strain of the sexually transmitted disease Gonorrhoea called H041 has emerged in Japan, United States, Hawaii and Norway defeating the most successful antibiotic currently used to treat the disease. Medical experts warn the world of a more dangerous STD compared to AIDS.
The U.S. Congress has been urged to spend $54 million for the development of a drug which can fight the highly resistant Gonorrhoea strain.
"This might be a lot worse than AIDS in the short run because the bacteria is more aggressive and will affect more people quickly," stated by Alan Christianson MD from naturopathic medicine told CNBC and noted by RT.com
A Japanese sex worker carrying the "sex superbug" was discovered in 2009 after the victim fell ill in Japan. A similar drug-resilient bacterium was found in Hawaii in May 2011 and then the strain began to spread in California, United States and Norway.
"Getting gonorrhoea from this strain might put someone into septic shock and death in a matter of days. This is very dangerous," added by Christianson.
Gonorrhoea H041 strain becomes scary for it has defeated the most successful drug used against it. Higher doses do not work as well and now considered as untreatable. Experts found four newly discovered pinpoint of mutations which makes up the bacteria's genes and maybe why it is highly resistant.
"This is both an alarming and a predictable discovery," Magnus Unemo MD of Swedish Reference Laboratory for Pathogenic Neisseria stated and quoted by Helium News.
In the United States alone, 20 million new STD infections are filed each year and costs at least $16 million for medical treatment according to CDC. More than 800,000 of these cases are gonorrhoea infections and mostly among young people ages 15 to 24.
Health officials are now doing everything they can to contain the infection or the numbers will grow not only exponentially but also death toll may occur. Japanese and Swedish teams are now implementing enhanced disease management to keep the disease under control before it becomes an epidemic.
Centre of Disease Control Reacts about H041
According to CDC from reported by RT.com, CDC disputed claims of H041 discovery in California, Hawaii and Norway. CDC told CNBC that the infection has not been confirmed anywhere outside of Japan and the agency did make an announcement in 2011 that it was noticing greater gonorrhoea bacterial resistance to certain types of antibiotics in Hawaii and California.
CDC officials said also that the U.S. and Norwegian cases were treated effectively with antibiotics not routinely recommended and the cases were mistaken as H041. The health agency urges the U.S. Congress for research funding, indicating the risk of infection is high regardless of where the cases occurred.
What is Gonorrhoea?
It is a human sexually transmitted infection caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. Men usually suffer burning urination and penile discharge while women can get vaginal discharge and pelvic pain. If left untreated, gonorrhoea can spread throughout the body, affect joints and heart valves.
Treatment Used Against Gonorrhoea
Ceftriaxone is commonly used against this STD and typically combined with either Azithromycin or Doxycycline. However, certain new strains of the disease have shown resistance to the treatment including the H041 which was reported in April 2013 and considered incurable with fatality rate of days instead of years; far deadlier than AIDS.
Symptoms of Gonorrhoea
Infected men display symptoms such as burning sensation with urinating and discharge from the penis. Infected women can have vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain and pain during sexual intercourse but half of them are asymptomatic.
Prevention against STD
The best way to prevent any STD is "Abstinence" but with the growing population of the youth engaging on sex intercourse, diseases are easily spread compared in recent years. Another factor is the unprotected sexual intercourse on both heterosexual and homosexual population.
STD follows a specific pattern to have a successful transfer - Exit, Sufficiency, Survival and Entry between the infected person to the recipient. Once the transfer is complete, the new infected may show no symptoms at all while engaging to other sexual partners in unprotected intercourse.
The use of condoms and having a single sexual partner ensures more safety for individuals that are sexually active in any age group.