Smoking, Alcohol and High Blood Pressure Kill 20 Million Every Year
By Hannah Osborne | December 14, 2012 4:09 AM EST
High blood pressure, smoking and alcohol are now the biggest killers in the world, claiming over 20 million lives in 2010 globally.
Nine million people died from high blood pressure, 6.3 million from smoking and 4.9 million from alcohol, a study has found.
Smoking and alcohol overtook child hunger to become the second and third biggest killers in the world.
Researchers have published the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010, looking at the world's most prevalent health risks, in the Lancet. The last study of this kind to be carried out was in 1990.
Lead authors Prof Majid Ezzati, of Imperial College London, said: "Overall we're seeing a growing burden of risk factors that lead to chronic diseases in adults, such as cancer, heart disease and diabetes, and a decreasing burden for risks associated with infectious diseases in children."
The risk factor with the biggest increase was high body mass index, which ranked 10th in 1990 and sixth 20 years later.
Less salt, more fruit
Over three million deaths were attributable to people being overweight - three times the amount of people who died from under-nutrition.
Researchers identified alcohol to be a leading risk factor in Eastern Europe, Latin America and southern sub-Saharan Africa.
Smoking was the biggest problem in Western Europe and North American countries.
Ezzati said: "This global picture disguises the starkly different trends across regions. The risks associated with poverty have come down in most places, like Asia and Latin America, but they remain the leading issues in sub-Saharan Africa.
"The good news is there are lots of things we can do to reduce disease risk. To bring down the burden of high blood pressure, we need to regulate the salt content of food, provide easier access to fresh fruits and vegetables, and strengthen primary healthcare services.
"Under-nutrition has come down in the ranking because we've made a lot of progress in many parts of the world. This should encourage us to continue those efforts and to replicate that success in Africa, where it's still a major problem."
To contact the editor, e-mail:
Most Popular Slideshows
- Taylor Swift Named Forbes' Second Highest Paid Country Musician [PHOTOS]
- Forever Lost: Indescribable Anguish for Malaysia Airlines MH17 Families, Remains of Some Victims May Never Be Found (PHOTOS)
- Global Aviation Accidents: UN to Form Safety Task Force, Gov'ts Should Share Intelligence Info to Avert Future Incidents on Flying Over Warzones (PHOTOS)
- PageSix: Beyonce & Jay Z Union is Not About Love, All About Business & the Brand
Join the Conversation
- Japanese Whalers End Pacific Hunt with 115 Whales Dead and No Disruption from Sea Shepherd
- Viral Video Cyring Sadie: 5-Year-Old Little Girl Does Not Want Her Baby Brother to Grow Up [WATCH VIDEO]
- New Zealand Drafts IWC Resolution to Stop Japanese Whalers from Hunting in 2015
- Pacific Islands Forum Delegates Appeal for Changes to Climate Policies, Better Marine Life Protection
- 'Watch the MH17 Plane Missile Hit Video Tape in Mobile' Goes Viral on Facebook
- Samsung Galaxy S5 Alpha Leaks Online: Release Date, Five Features to Wait for New Smart Phone
- Freshly Leaked Apple iPad Air 2 Cases Confirm Touch ID Sensor; Release Date, Limited Specs and Price Listed
- Photos of Motorola Moto X+1 Prototype and Specs Leak Online, Release Date, Four Fresh Features Revealed
- Moto X Android 4.4.4 KitKat Update Guide: Schedule and How to Install
- Sony Xperia Z3: Release Date, Five Features to Expect from New Android Smart Phone
- Top Surprising Features Of iOS 8
- Top 4 Reasons Why iPhone 6 Will Hit Big Soon After its Sept 2014 Release Date