A new campaign by Scottish nationalists to pursue independence from the United Kingdom looks primed to become a battle over who gets to control of the revenue stream from offshore crude oil and natural gas deposits in the British North Sea.
That revenue is significant. In the 2011/2012 financial year it amounted to about $18 billion, according to Britain's Department of Energy & Climate Change.
The campaign, which took a major step forward with the announcement Monday that the rules for a 2014 referendum on the matter had been agreed to, has so far appeared to revolve around more abstract issues of cultural identity, national pride, sovereign security and European Union membership. But recent developments -- not the least being the fact the nationalists are lagging badly in the opinion polls -- suggest pro-independence politicians are likely to increase their focus on dollars-and-cents issues regarding the control of energy exploration royalties.
"It's Scotland's oil," a pro-independence slogan from the 1970s, could see a comeback. Alex Salmond, a former energy economist who is leading the nationalist charge on behalf of the Scottish National Party (SNP), said Monday in Edinburgh that he has begun "working positively for a yes vote in 2014."
Salmond stated independence is "the means to create a fairer and more prosperous Scotland.”
The majority of Salmond's countrymen don't necessarily agree with him. According to German newscaster Deutsche Welle, polls have long showed only 30 to 40 percent of Scots agree with the idea of creating a separate Scottish Gaelic state.
But the main issues expressed by those with reservation have to do with the uncertainty that would follow a declaration of independence, including whether Scotland would be allowed to enter the European Union, and not necessarily with disagreement of the SNP's proclamation that a sovereign Scotland would be in better fiscal shape if it were to separate from Britain.
"Scotland funds a large part of the U.K. through North Sea oil revenues," SNP Deputy Leader, Nicola Sturgeon, told Deutsche Welle on Monday, and adding that "other small European countries that don't have the resources that Scotland has, manage to be independent -- and to be successfully independent. And that's the future we want for Scotland as well."
Oil revenues are not the only economic issue that is likely to be at play in discussions regarding Scottish independence. Others have suggested the question of what would happen to the Scottish banks -- the largest of which was nationalized by the British government in the midst of the 2008 financial crisis -- is likely to loom large in future debates.
But there is little doubt energy royalties, which are already at the fore of Scottish politics as the local government invests in both oil and gas exploration as well as alternative energy sources, are poised to become a major bone of contention in upcoming discussions.
One possibility is that no matter what happens in the referendum, Scottish nationalists will push to have the local government garner a higher proportion of the benefits from oil and gas royalties.
In the agreement between Edinburgh and London signed Monday to set the rules for the vote, one of the points both sides acquiesed to was having the electoral question set up as a yes-or-no vote on independence. Previously, it had been suggested voters would face a two-part ballot that asked them to vote both on independence and on demanding fiscal sovereignity -- but not separation -- from the United Kingdom. The latter status quo option is known as maximum devolution, or "devo max," in Scottish politics, and keeping it off the ballot was widely interpreted as a victory for those campaigning against Scottish independence.
But it's also possible that even if independence is roundly defeated at the polls, the political environment created by the campaign leading up to the vote could favor further steps towards "devo max," and increased oil riches.
Monday, British Prime Minister David Cameron suggested Westminster Palace would be ameanable to such a path, as long as the Scottish citizenry voted to remain loyal to the British crown.
"Those who want to see not only the status quo but further devolution from the United Kingdom to Scotland must vote to stay within the United Kingdom," Cameron said.
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