Sacre Bleu! After More Than 120 Years Of French Domination, Gabon Adopts English As Official Language

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By Palash R. Ghosh | October 13, 2012 4:17 AM EST

The West African country of Gabon has abruptly changed the state’s official language to English from French reportedly as a result of discontent over an investigation by French authorities into the ruling family’s assets.

The decision comes as a particular embarrassment for French President François Hollande, who will attend a Francophone Summit this weekend in Kinshasa, Congo (which is right next door to Gabon).

Gabon, which has been under French domination and influence since 1885, follows the example of Rwanda, which switched from French to English as its official tongue in 2009. (Rwanda, a former Belgian colony, even joined the Commonwealth)

The president of Gabon, Ali Bongo Ondimba, has reportedly embezzled billions of dollars from the Treasury to purchase luxury items for himself and his family.

Looking into Bongo’s assets, French investigators said they have uncovered "the cave of Ali Baba," including, among other things, a portfolio of 33 luxury properties and 70 different bank accounts.

The Guardian newspaper of Britain reported that French anti-corruption authorities may soon delve into the assets amassed by other African leaders, including Congo's Sassou Nguessos, Equatorial Guinea's Obiang Nguema Mbasogos, and Burkina Fasso's Compaorés.

The probes (and confiscation of certain French properties) have chilled relations between Paris and some African capitals.

However, a spokesman for Bongo told Agence France Presse that the change was made because the president sees English as a “necessary working language.”

“Gabon wants to develop and give itself the best opportunities,” the spokesman said.

“When you leave the French-speaking space, if you don't know English you are almost handicapped. It's a question of diversifying our partnerships, ensuring that the people of Gabon are armed and better armed.”

He added: “French researchers publish in English and in most international conferences French experts contribute in English, while Africans have become practically the only people to contribute in French.”

Meanwhile, one must wonder how a sudden change to English from French will impact the tiny nation of Gabon, which comprises merely 1.6-million souls.

Indeed, Gabon, independent from France since 1960, has been one of Paris’ closest allies on the African continent.

Agnès Poirier, a French political commentator, speculated: “Will the Bongos rebaptise their country's capital Libreville as Freetown (also Sierra Leone's capital city)? Will Libreville's rue d'Alsace Lorraine become Essex Street and its ‘Le Petit Paris’ district ‘The Little London’?”

According to the CIA World Factbook, about 90 percent of Gabonese people are literate -- presumably they all speak French and/or one of the following native languages: Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, and Bandjabi.

Now, given the new mandate, all schools in Gabon will likely have to revamp their curriculum in English; while all road signs, books, newspaper, magazines and TV shows will similarly undergo Anglicization.

The process could take years.

However, Gabon’s sudden attraction to English may not disrupt the nation too much. With a small population, lack of ethnic conflicts, abundant natural resources and strong foreign aid support, Gabon is one of West Africa’s most stable and prosperous states.

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